Our Services in the Field of Child Diseases
Common Child Diseases and Treatments
The department of pediatrics, also known as pediatrics, is the branch of science that deals with the diagnosis, follow-up and treatment of individuals involved in the process from birth to adolescence. Congenital diseases of people defined as children between the ages of 0 and 18, vaccine follow-up that should be applied regularly after birth, mental, physical and motor development are followed by pediatricians. In the routine examinations carried out in this process, many processes such as the development of the babies’ height, weight, nutrition and similar development as well as the development of daily life skills, expression and understanding, neurological and psychological developments are checked and followed.
All children deserve high quality medical care. As a parent, it’s important to be aware of the most up-to-date treatment guidelines so you can be sure your child is getting the best possible care.
The following information from Turkish Pediatrics Academies lists the most common childhood diseases and approved treatments. The treatments discussed here are based on scientific evidence and best practices. However, there may be reasons why your pediatrician may have different recommendations for your child, especially if your child has an ongoing medical condition or allergy. Your pediatrician will discuss with you the changes that are in the treatment. If you have any questions about appropriate care for your child, please contact your pediatrician at the Day Medical Clinic.
Sore throats are common in children and can be painful. However, a sore throat caused by a virus doesn’t need antibiotics. In these cases, a specific province
Sore throats are common in children and can be painful. However, a sore throat caused by a virus doesn’t need antibiotics. In these cases, no specific medication is needed and your child should recover within seven to ten days. In other cases, a sore throat can be caused by an infection called streptococcus.
Streptococcus cannot be accurately diagnosed just by looking at the throat. A lab test including a swab of the throat or an in-office rapid strep test is required to confirm the diagnosis of streptococcus. If it’s positive for strep, your pediatrician will prescribe an antibiotic. Even if symptoms improve or disappear, it is very important that your child takes exactly the antibiotic as prescribed. Steroid medications (such as prednisone) are not a suitable treatment for most cases of sore throat.
Babies and young children rarely get strep throat, but if they are in child care or if an older sibling has the disease, they are more likely to be infected by streptococcus bacteria. Although streptococcus is mainly spread through coughing and sneezing, your child can also get it by touching a toy that an infected child is playing with.
See the difference between sore throat, strep and tonsillitis, and when a sore throat becomes a more serious infection with your pediatrician at the Day Medical Clinic.
Ear pain is common in children and can have many causes, including ear infection, swimmer’s ear (skin infection in the ear canal), pressure from a cold or sinus infection, toothache spreading to the jaw ear. For correct diagnosis, your pediatrician will need to examine your child’s ear. If your child’s ear pain is accompanied by a high fever, if it involves both ears, or if your child has other signs of illness, your pediatrician may order a detailed examination. Many real ear infections are caused by viruses and do not require antibiotics. If your pediatrician suspects your child’s ear infection may be from a virus, they will talk to you about the best ways to help relieve your child’s earache until the virus has progressed.
Urinary tract infection
Urinary tract infections or bladder infections occur when bacteria build up in the urinary tract. An infection can be found in children from childhood to young and adulthood. Signs of infection include pain or burning when urinating, the need to urinate frequently or urgently, accidents of a child who is bedwetting or knowing to use the toilet, abdominal pain, or side or back pain.
Your child’s doctor will need a urine sample for vacation before determining treatment. Your doctor can adjust treatment based on the bacteria present in your child’s urine.
Most children with skin infections may need a skin test (culture or swab) to determine the most appropriate treatment. Tell your doctor if your child has a history of MRSA, staph infection, or other resistant bacteria, or if he or she has been in contact with other family members or resistant bacteria.
Tips for the Treatment of Boils, Abscesses and Cellulite and Viruses, Fungi and Parasites.
Chronic bronchitis is an infection of the larger, more central airways in the lungs and is more common in adults. Usually the word “bronchitis” is used to describe a breast virus and does not require antibiotics.
Bronchiolitis is common in infants and young children during the cold and flu season. When your child breathes, your doctor may hear “wheezing”.
Bronchiolitis is usually caused by a virus that does not require antibiotics. Instead, most treatment recommendations are geared towards watching your child comfortably for any difficulty breathing, eating, or for signs of dehydration. Medications for asthmatic patients (such as albuterol or steroids) are not recommended for most infants and young children with bronchiolitis. Children born prematurely or with underlying health problems may need different treatment plans.
The common cold
The common cold is caused by viruses in the upper respiratory tract. Many young children, especially those in childcare, can get 6 to 8 colds a year. Cold symptoms (including runny nose, congestion, and cough) can last for up to ten days.
Green mucus in the nose doesn’t automatically mean antibiotics are needed; The common cold never needs antibiotics. However, if a sinus infection is suspected, your doctor will carefully decide whether antibiotics are the best choice based on your child’s symptoms and a physical exam.
Bacterial sinusitis is caused by bacteria trapped in the sinuses. Sinusitis is suspected when cold-like symptoms such as nasal discharge, daytime cough, or both persist for more than ten days without improvement.
Antibiotics may be needed if this condition is accompanied by a thick yellow nasal discharge and fever for at least 3 or 4 consecutive days.
Coughs are usually caused by viruses and often do not require antibiotics.
Cough medicine is not recommended for children 4 years and younger or children 4 to 6 years old unless recommended by your doctor. Studies have consistently shown that cough medications do not work in the age group 4 and younger and have the potential for serious side effects. Narcotic cough medicines such as codeine should not be used in children.
If Symptoms Change:
Occasionally, mild infections that are viral or bacterial can turn into more serious infections. Call your doctor if your child’s illness changes, gets worse, doesn’t go away after a few days, or you are worried about new symptoms developing.