Common Ear Nose Throat Diseases
Adenoidectomy Treatment Methods
Adenoid is a defense tissue located in the upper part (ceiling) of the nasal cavity. It holds foreign organisms and microbes and fights them away from the body. The nasal flesh, which has a protruding structure, generally works very effectively in childhood.
Adenoid enlargement can be observed due to genetic reasons or frequent diseases. Growing adenoid in children; It can cause breathing difficulties, sleep disturbances, anorexia, growth retardation, disorders in tooth structure and jaw bones, chronic sinusitis and middle ear diseases. Therefore, it is a serious problem that needs to be treated.
Adenoid surgery can take between 15-45 minutes in total. A few hours after the operation, the person can eat and is discharged after the necessary controls are made. He can continue his daily life the next day. It is recommended to stay away from crowded environments for about a week.
Endoscopic Sinus Surgery
Sinusitis is the inflammation of the spaces in the facial bones opened through the nostrils. Symptoms of the disease are nasal congestion, runny nose, headache, cough, bad breath, nasal discharge, throat tingling.
Sinusitis treatment is performed by opening holes connected to the nose, aeration of the sinuses and treatment of inflammation. The first method to be preferred in the treatment of sinusitis is drug therapy. Appropriate antibiotics, nasal sprays, respiratory tract medications and, if necessary, allergy medications should be used. Surgical intervention is applied only to patients who have no chance of recovery with medication.
Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (ESS) is one of the most frequently performed surgeries as the current treatment option in the treatment of conditions such as sinus tumors, anterior skull base injuries, traumatic eye socket damage and optic nerve compression, especially chronic sinus infections. It can be done with local or general anesthesia. The surgery is applied through the nostrils using an endoscope. It is recommended to use antibiotics after surgery, the use of serum water that moisturizes the nasal cavity and prevents crusting, and the use of cortisone-containing sprays and drops after surgery in patients with allergies and polyps.
Dizziness, also known as vertigo, is defined as loss of balance and a feeling of dizziness. This situation can occur frequently, especially in situations due to fast movement while moving or when bending and getting up. The person may experience shaking, lightheadedness, or vertigo while moving, bending over, walking or even at rest. Dizziness (vertigo) changes your sense of balance and can increase your risk of falling.
Dizziness (vertigo), which is one of the most frequently observed symptoms, is not a disease in itself, but it can be a harbinger of a disease. Serious illnesses may underlie the vertigo, sometimes triggered by even severe sneezing.
In the treatment of vertigo, the cause of the problem should be found first and the underlying diseases should be treated, if any. In problems such as vertigo, the doctor first takes the patient’s history and then a physical examination is performed. The priority in treatment is to reduce or eliminate the vertigo problem and to bring the balance functions to the safest form. If it is due to the migration of the crystals in the inner ear, treatment involves repositioning the crystals.
Snoring is seen as a symptom in itself, but it is the most important symptom if you wake up to your own snoring before anyone wakes you up. This is another important symptom, especially if you feel short of breath while breathing, or if people around you warn you about this issue. Although snoring seems to be a very simple problem, it may develop due to serious underlying diseases. If snoring that continues for a long time does not disappear as a result of rest or continues intermittently and suddenly breathing, it may develop due to some diseases such as heart or high blood pressure.
For the diagnosis of snoring, he first examines the conditions that may cause snoring by listening to the history of the person. Tests are requested after the physical examination. As a result of the tests, the method of treatment is determined. Among these treatment methods, septoplasty (nasal splitting surgery), concha surgery, small tongue-soft palate operations, and healing with radiofrequency waves are aimed.